Abundance of Elements in Earth’s Crust – Periodic Table and List


Earth’s crust contains nearly all of the naturally occurring elements. This table and periodic table shows the relative abundance of elements in the Earth’s crust.

Abundance of Elements Earth Crust Periodic Table

Each element is represented by its atomic number, symbol, name, and abundance in milligrams per kilogram of Earth’s crust. Since 1 milligram is one-millionth of a kilogram, these measurements could also be expressed as “parts per million”.

A PDF of this table is available for easy printing.

The colors represent a break in the ranges over an order of magnitude. Elements with no measured values or no data are left blank. Most of these elements do not occur naturally in nature (93-118). The abundances recorded are a median of measurements taken from around the world. Not every kilogram of dirt contains 0.004 milligrams of gold.

Table of the Abundance of Elements in Earth’s Crust

This table contains the same data arranged in a simple format and arranged by abundance.

 Number  Element Abundance (mg/L)
8 Oxygen 4.61 x 105
14 Silicon 2.82 x 105
13 Aluminum 8.23 x 104
26 Iron 5.63 x 104
20 Calcium 4.15 x 104
11 Sodium 2.36 x 104
12 Magnesium 2.33 x 104
19 Potassium 2.09 x 104
22 Titanium 5.56 x 103
1 Hydrogen 1.40 x 103
15 Phosphorus 1.05 x 103
25 Manganese 950
9 Fluorine 585
56 Barium 425
38 Strontium 370
16 Sulfur 350
6 Carbon 200
40 Zirconium 165
17 Chlorine 145
23 Vanadium 120
24 Chromium 102
37 Rubidium 90
28 Nickel 84
30 Zinc 70
58 Cerium 66.5
29 Copper 60
60 Neodymium 41.5
57 Lanthanum 39
39 Yttrium 33
27 Cobalt 25
21 Scandium 22
3 Lithium 20
41 Niobium 20
7 Nitrogen 19
31 Gallium 19
82 Lead 14
5 Boron 10
90 Thorium 9.6
59 Praseodymium 9.2
62 Samarium 7.05
64 Gadolinium 6.2
66 Dysprosium 5.2
18 Argon 3.5
68 Erbium 3.5
70 Ytterbium 3.2
55 Cesium 3
72 Hafnium 3.0
4 Beryllium 2.8
92 Uranium 2.7
35 Bromine 2.4
50 Tin 2.3
63 Europium 2.0
73 Tantalum 2.0
33 Arsenic 1.8
32 Germanium 1.5
67 Holmium 1.3
74 Tungsten 1.25
42 Molybdenum 1.2
65 Terbium 1.2
81 Thallium 0.85
71 Lutetium 0.8
69 Thulium 0.52
53 Iodine 0.45
49 Indium 0.25
51 Antimony 0.2
48 Cadmium 0.15
80 Mercury 8.5 x 10-2
47 Silver 7.5 x 10-2
34 Selenium 5 x 10-2
46 Palladium 1.5 x 10-2
83 Bismuth 8.5 x 10-3
2 Helium 8 x 10-3
10 Neon 5 x 10-3
78 Platinum 5 x 10-3
79 Gold 4 x 10-3
76 Osmium 1.5 x 10-3
44 Ruthenium 1 x 10-3
45 Rhodium 1 x 10-3
52 Tellurium 1 x 10-3
77 Iridium 1 x 10-3
75 Rhenium 7 x 10-4
36 Krypton 1 x 10-4
54 Xenon 3 x 10-5
91 Protactinium 1.4 x 10-6
88 Radium 9 x 10-7
89 Actinium 5.5 x 10-10
84 Polonium 2 x 10-10
86 Radon 4 x 10-11
43 Technetium No Data
61 Promethium No Data
85 Astatine No Data
87 Francium No Data
93 Neptunium No Data
94 Plutonium No Data
95 Americium No Data
96 Curium No Data
97 Berkelium No Data
98 Californium No Data
99 Einsteinium No Data
100 Fermium No Data
101 Mendelevium No Data
102 Nobelium No Data
103 Lawrencium No Data
104 Rutherfordium No Data
105 Dubnium No Data
106 Seaborgium No Data
107 Bohrium No Data
108 Hassium No Data
109 Meitnerium No Data
110 Darmstadtium No Data
111 Roentgenium No Data
112 Copernium No Data
113 Nihonium No Data
114 Flerovium No Data
115 Moscovium No Data
116 Livermorium No Data
117 Tennessine No Data
118 Oganesson No Data

Source: CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 89th Edition

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