Abundance of Elements in Earth’s Crust – Periodic Table and List


Earth’s crust contains nearly all of the naturally occurring elements. This table and periodic table shows the relative abundance of elements in the Earth’s crust.

Abundance of Elements Earth Crust Periodic Table

Each element is represented by its atomic number, symbol, name, and abundance in milligrams per kilogram of Earth’s crust. Since 1 milligram is one-millionth of a kilogram, these measurements could also be expressed as “parts per million”.

A PDF of this table is available for easy printing.

The colors represent a break in the ranges over an order of magnitude. Elements with no measured values or no data are left blank. Most of these elements do not occur naturally in nature (93-118). The abundances recorded are a median of measurements taken from around the world. Not every kilogram of dirt contains 0.004 milligrams of gold.

Table of the Abundance of Elements in Earth’s Crust

This table contains the same data arranged in a simple format and arranged by abundance.

 Number ElementAbundance (mg/L)
8Oxygen4.61 x 105
14Silicon2.82 x 105
13Aluminum8.23 x 104
26Iron5.63 x 104
20Calcium4.15 x 104
11Sodium2.36 x 104
12Magnesium2.33 x 104
19Potassium2.09 x 104
22Titanium5.56 x 103
1Hydrogen1.40 x 103
15Phosphorus1.05 x 103
25Manganese950
9Fluorine585
56Barium425
38Strontium370
16Sulfur350
6Carbon200
40Zirconium165
17Chlorine145
23Vanadium120
24Chromium102
37Rubidium90
28Nickel84
30Zinc70
58Cerium66.5
29Copper60
60Neodymium41.5
57Lanthanum39
39Yttrium33
27Cobalt25
21Scandium22
3Lithium20
41Niobium20
7Nitrogen19
31Gallium19
82Lead14
5Boron10
90Thorium9.6
59Praseodymium9.2
62Samarium7.05
64Gadolinium6.2
66Dysprosium5.2
18Argon3.5
68Erbium3.5
70Ytterbium3.2
55Cesium3
72Hafnium3.0
4Beryllium2.8
92Uranium2.7
35Bromine2.4
50Tin2.3
63Europium2.0
73Tantalum2.0
33Arsenic1.8
32Germanium1.5
67Holmium1.3
74Tungsten1.25
42Molybdenum1.2
65Terbium1.2
81Thallium0.85
71Lutetium0.8
69Thulium0.52
53Iodine0.45
49Indium0.25
51Antimony0.2
48Cadmium0.15
80Mercury8.5 x 10-2
47Silver7.5 x 10-2
34Selenium5 x 10-2
46Palladium1.5 x 10-2
83Bismuth8.5 x 10-3
2Helium8 x 10-3
10Neon5 x 10-3
78Platinum5 x 10-3
79Gold4 x 10-3
76Osmium1.5 x 10-3
44Ruthenium1 x 10-3
45Rhodium1 x 10-3
52Tellurium1 x 10-3
77Iridium1 x 10-3
75Rhenium7 x 10-4
36Krypton1 x 10-4
54Xenon3 x 10-5
91Protactinium1.4 x 10-6
88Radium9 x 10-7
89Actinium5.5 x 10-10
84Polonium2 x 10-10
86Radon4 x 10-11
43TechnetiumNo Data
61PromethiumNo Data
85AstatineNo Data
87FranciumNo Data
93NeptuniumNo Data
94PlutoniumNo Data
95AmericiumNo Data
96CuriumNo Data
97BerkeliumNo Data
98CaliforniumNo Data
99EinsteiniumNo Data
100FermiumNo Data
101MendeleviumNo Data
102NobeliumNo Data
103LawrenciumNo Data
104RutherfordiumNo Data
105DubniumNo Data
106SeaborgiumNo Data
107BohriumNo Data
108HassiumNo Data
109MeitneriumNo Data
110DarmstadtiumNo Data
111RoentgeniumNo Data
112CoperniumNo Data
113NihoniumNo Data
114FleroviumNo Data
115MoscoviumNo Data
116LivermoriumNo Data
117TennessineNo Data
118OganessonNo Data

Source: CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 89th Edition

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