Density of Elements of the Periodic Table


Density Periodic Table - 2017Here is a table listing the density of elements of the periodic table. The values are for density around room temperature, except as noted. Elements are listed alphabetically. Keep in mind, density depends on temperature, pressure, and the allotrope (form) of the element, so true values may be a bit different. More of the heavier elements have not been synthesized in large enough amounts for experimental data to be taken, but predictions are available for these elements. All 118 elements are listed in this table.

Element Name Density (g/cm3)
Actinium 10.07
Aluminum 2.7
Americium 12
Antimony 6.697
Argon 1.784 (at 0°C)
Arsenic  5.727
Astatine 6.35 (predicted)
Barium 3.51
Berkelium 14.78
Beryllium 1.848
Bismuth 9.78
Bohrium 37.1 (predicted)
Boron 2.46
Bromine 3.112
Cadmium 8.65
Calcium 1.55
Californium 15.1
Carbon 2.26 (for graphite)
Cerium 6.689
Cesium 1.879
Chlorine 3.214 (at 0°C)
Chromium 7.14
Cobalt 8.9
Copernicium  23.7 (predicted)
Copper 8.92
Curium 13.51
Darmstadtium  34.8 (predicted)
Dubnium  29.3 (predicted)
Dysprosium 8.551
Einsteinium  8.84
Erbium 9.066
Europium 5.244
Fermium  9.7 (predicted)
Flerovium  14 (predicted)
Fluorine 1.696 (at 0°C)
Francium  2.8 – 3.0 (extrapolated)
Gadolinium 7.901
Gallium 5.904
Germanium 5.323
Gold 19.3
Hafnium 13.31
Hassium  41 (predicted)
Helium 0.1785 (at 0°C)
Holmium 8.795
Hydrogen 0.0899 (at 0°C)
Indium 7.31
Iodine 4.94
Iridium 22.65
Iron 7.874
Krypton 3.75 (at 0°C)
Lanthanum 6.146
Lawencium  15.6 – 16.6 (predicted)
Lead 11.34
Lithium 0.535
Livermorium  12.9 (predicted)
Lutetium 9.841
Magnesium 1.738
Manganese 7.47
Meitnerium  37.4 (predicted)
Mendelevium  10.37 (predicted)
Mercury 13.534
Molybdenum 10.28
Moscovium  13.5 (predicted)
Neodymium 7.01
Neon 0.9 (at 0°C)
Neptunium 20.45
Nickel 8.908
Nihonium  16 (predicted)
Niobium 8.57
Nitrogen 1.251 (at 0°C)
Nobelium  9.94 (predicted)
Oganesson  4.9 – 5.1 (predicted)
Osmium 22.61
Oxygen 1.429 (at 0°C)
Palladium 12.023
Phosphorus 1.823
Platinum 21.09
Plutonium 19.816
Polonium 9.196
Potassium 0.856
Praseodymium 6.64
Promethium 7.264
Protactinium 15.37
Radium 5.5
Radon 9.73 (at 0°C)
Rhenium 21.02
Rhodium 12.45
Roentgenium  28.7 (predicted)
Rubidium 1.532
Ruthenium 12.37
Rutherfordium  23.2 (predicted)
Samarium 7.353
Scandium 2.985
Seaborgium  35.0 (predicted)
Selenium 4.819
Silicon 2.33
Silver 10.49
Sodium 0.968
Strontium 2.63
Sulfur 1.96
Tantalum 16.65
Technetium 11.5
Tellurium 6.24
Tennessine  7.1 – 7.3 (predicted)
Terbium 8.219
Thallium 11.85
Thorium 11.724
Thulium 9.321
Tin 7.31
Titanium 4.507
Tungsten 19.25
Uranium 19.05
Vanadium 6.11
Xenon 5.9 (at 0°C)
Ytterbium 6.57
Yttrium 4.472
Zinc 7.14
Zirconium 6.511

Most Dense Element and Least Dense Element

The element with the least density or lightest element is the gas hydrogen, with a density of 0.0899 g/cm3 The element with the highest density is usually cited as the metal osmium (22.61 g/cm3), although under certain circumstances iridium can have a higher density (22.65 g/cm3). Note some of the more recently synthesized elements may have higher densities, but this has not been confirmed yet.

References: International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and Wolfram Research, Inc.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.