How to Convert Degrees to Radians – Angle Conversion

Degrees to Radians Angle Conversion
Convert degrees to radians and radians to degrees by knowing there are 2π radians in 360°.

You need to know how to convert degrees to radians and radians to degrees in geometry, trigonometry, and science. The radian is the SI derived unit of measuring angles. It is a dimensionless value or has the unit symbol r or rad. Meanwhile, the degree (°) measures a plane angle where a complete rotation is 360°. The degree is easy to measure and finds practical use in astronomy and geography.

2π = 360°
π = 180°

Here are the degrees to radians and radians degrees formulas and examples showing how to work the angle conversions.

Degrees to Radians Formula

The formula for converting degrees to radians is:

radians = degrees x π/180

Note that radian measurements retain the π. You can report radian measurements as decimal values by approximately pi as 3.14, but this is not common.

How to Convert Degrees to Radians

Here are the step for converting degrees to radians:

  1. Write the angle in degrees.
  2. Multiply it by π/180.
  3. Retain the π and simplify the fraction.

If you need the radian measurement in decimal format, remember the value of pi is approximately 3.14 or 22/7.

Degrees to Radians Example

For example, convert 90° to radians.

radians = degrees x π/180
radians = 90 x π/180 = π/2

Radians to Degrees Formula

The formula for converting radians to degrees is:

degrees = radians x 180/π

Degrees are either whole numbers or decimal numbers. But, you still want to keep the π in the radian value (rather than converting it to a decimal) so it will cancel out in the calculation.

How to Convert Radians to Degrees

Here are the steps for converting radians to degrees:

  1. Write the radian value.
  2. Multiply this value by 180 and divide it by π.

If the radian value contains π, then it will cancel out of the formula and all you really need to do is multiply the fraction by 180 to get the answer!

Radians to Degrees Example

For example, convert π/6 to degrees.

degrees = radians x 180/π = π/6 x 180/π = 180/6 = 30°.

Negative Degrees or Radians

The unit conversions work fine with negative degrees or radians.

For example, convert -180° to radians.

radians = degrees x π/180 = -180 x π/180 = -π

For example, convert -3π/2 radians to degrees.

degrees = radians x 180/π = -3π/2 x 180/π = -1.5 x 180 = -270°

Table of Degree and Radian Conversions

This table covers the most common degrees to radians conversions:

Angle in DegreesAngle in Radians
0 rad
30°π/6 0.524 rad
45°π/4 0.785 rad
60°π/3 1.047 rad
90°π/2 1.571 rad
120°2π/3 2.094 rad
150°5π/6 2.618 rad
180°π 3.14 rad
210°7π/6 3.665 rad
270°3π/2 4.713 rad
360° 6.283 rad

What Is 1 Degree or 1 Radian?

  • One degree is π/180, which is approximately equal to 0.0174533 radians.
  • One radian is approximately 57.2958°.


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  • Mohr, J. C.; Phillips, W. D. (2015). “Dimensionless Units in the SI”. Metrologia. 52 (1): 40–47. doi:10.1088/0026-1394/52/1/40
  • Muir, Thos. (1910). “The Term “Radian” in Trigonometry”. Nature. 83 (2110): 156. doi:10.1038/083156a0
  • Protter, Murray H.; Morrey, Charles B., Jr. (1970). College Calculus with Analytic Geometry (2nd ed.). Reading: Addison-Wesley.