List of Native Elements and Periodic Table   Recently updated !


Periodic Table of Native Elements
Native elements are chemical elements that occur in pure form as minerals.

Native elements are chemical elements that occur in uncombined or relatively pure form as minerals. Gases are omitted from the list because they can intermix, so native elements are also called native minerals. Native elements form chemical bonds, so they also occur in compounds.

List of Native Elements (Minerals)

Most native elements are transition metals, including those belonging to the gold group and platinum group. There are some metalloids and a few nonmetals.

Native sulfur
Native sulfur (Jurii)
  • Aluminum (Al)
  • Antimony (Sb)
  • Arsenic (As)
  • Bismuth (Bi)
  • Carbon (C)
  • Cadmium (Cd)
  • Chromium (Cr)
  • Cobalt (Co)
  • Copper (Cu)
  • Gold (Au)
  • Indium (In)
  • Iron (Fe)
  • Iridium (Ir)
  • Lead (Pb)
  • Manganese (Mn)
  • Mercury (Hg)
  • Molybdenum (Mo)
  • Nickel (Ni)
  • Niobium (Nb)
  • Osmium (Os)
  • Palladium (Pd)
  • Platinum (Pt)
  • Rhenium (Re)
  • Rhodium (Rh)
  • Selenium (Se)
  • Silver (Ag)
  • Silicon (Si)
  • Sulfur (S)
  • Tantalum (Ta)
  • Tellurium (Te)
  • Tin (Sn)
  • Titanium (Ti)
  • Tungsten (W)
  • Vanadium (V)
  • Zinc (Zn)

List of Native Metals (Elements)

Only gold, silver, and copper occur in large amounts in native form. Gold is noteworthy because it is native more often than combined in compounds. All of the noble metals except ruthenium occur as native minerals.

Native copper (Robert M. Lavinsky, CC 3.0)
  • Aluminum (Al)
  • Bismuth (Bi)
  • Cadmium (Cd)
  • Chromium (Cr)
  • Cobalt (Co)
  • Copper (Cu)
  • Gold (Au)
  • Indium (In)
  • Iron (Fe)
  • Iridium (Ir)
  • Lead (Pb)
  • Manganese (Mn)
  • Mercury (Hg)
  • Molybdenum (Mo)
  • Nickel (Ni)
  • Niobium (Nb)
  • Osmium (Os)
  • Palladium (Pd)
  • Platinum (Pt)
  • Rhenium (Re)
  • Rhodium (Rh)
  • Silver (Ag)
  • Tantalum (Ta)
  • Tin (Sn)
  • Titanium (Ti)
  • Tungsten (W)
  • Vanadium (V)
  • Zinc (Zn)

While iron is a native mineral, most isn’t really “native” in the sense that it came from iron-nickel meteorites. Truly native iron is uncommon, but does occur.

None of the alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, or rare earth elements occur as native minerals.

Native Alloys

Several alloys occur naturally. These include:

  • Brass
  • Bronze
  • Electrum
  • German silver
  • Gold-mercury amalgam
  • Lead-mercury amalgam
  • Pewter
  • Silver-mercury amalgam
  • White gold

Native Elements That Are Metalloids

Some metalloids exist as native minerals.

  • Antimony (Sb)
  • Arsenic (As)
  • Silicon (Si)
  • Tellurium (Te)

Native Elements That Are Nonmetals

Three nonmetals form native minerals. Carbon occurs as multiple allotropes: diamond, graphite, and amorphous carbon.

  • Carbon (C)
  • Selenium (Se)
  • Sulfur (S)

References

  • International Mineralogical Association (March 2016). The New IMA List of Minerals.
  • Fleischer, Michael; Cabri, Louis J.; Chao, George Y.; Pabst, Adolf (1980). “New Mineral Names“. American Mineralogist. 65: 1065–1070.
  • Mills, Stuart J.; Hatert, Frédéric; Nickel, Ernest H.; Ferraris, Giovanni (2009). “The standardisation of mineral group hierarchies: application to recent nomenclature proposals”. Eur. J. Mineral. 21 (5): 1073–1080. doi:10.1127/0935-1221/2009/0021-1994

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.