These are instructions for preparing chlorine gas (Cl2) from potassium permanganate and concentrated hydrochloric acid.
Only two chemicals are needed:
- potassium permanganate
- concentrated hydrochloric acid
Add concentrated hydrochloric acid dropwise onto a small quantity of potassium permanganate crystals (in a flask). Collect the chlorine gas by upward displacement of air in a hood. Use proper safety precautions. Concentrated hydrochloric acid is extremely caustic. Chlorine gas is toxic.
The reaction between hydrochloric acid and potassium permanganate products chlorine gas, manganese dioxide, water, and potassium ions.
6HCl + 2KMnO4 + 2H+ → 3Cl2 + 2MnO2 + 4H2O + 2K+