Tag Archives: list of elements

Element Valency PDF

Fluroine Atom

The outer shell of a fluorine atom contains 7 electrons. This means it has one less electron than needed to complete the shell. This gives fluorine a -1 valence.

This element Valency PDF is a downloadable version of the Valences of the Elements table.

Download PDF Download PDF

As in the table, the most common valences are in BOLD text where values in italics are theoretical values based on periodic table trends.

This table requires three sheets of paper to print. If you prefer a more compact version, this information is available in periodic table form. There is a Color Periodic Table of the Elements or a Black and White version. A simpler version listing only the most common valence charges is also available.

This is page 1 of the PDF file. It contains the valences of the first 45 elements.

Element Valences 1-45Elements 46-118 can be found in the PDF.

 

List of Elements PDF – Element Names

Have you ever needed a list of the chemical elements? I was surprised how often I have needed to print this list myself. I used this list as a checklist when I made the periodic table element cells and when I made the Element Word Search Puzzle.  I’ve used it so often, I thought I’d share my list of elements in PDF form.

Alphabetical List of ElementsDownload the List of Elements PDF and print out your own copy. The list fits on a single sheet of paper and arranged alphabetically in three columns. Another alternative is to click the image above. It is a PNG image of the contents of the PDF file.

I hope it becomes as useful to you as it is to me.

Element List in Spanish

Tabla Periodica ElementosHave you ever wondered if the names of elements are the same in other languages? Different languages have different words for the same thing, why should the elements be any different?

This table is a list of the elements in English and Spanish arranged by atomic number.

If you’d like to see a periodic table in Spanish, check out this Periodic Table, or Tabla Periódica de los Elementos in Spanish.

 NUMBER SYMBOLENGLISHSPANISH
1HHydrogenHidrógeno
2HeHeliumHelio
3LiLithiumLitio
4BeBerylliumBerilio
5BBoronBoro
6CCarbonCarbono
7NNitrogenNitrógeno
8OOxygenOxígeno
9FFluorineFlúor
10NeNeonNeón
11NaSodiumSodio
12MgMagnesiumMagnesio
13AlAluminumAluminio
14SiSiliconSilicio
15PPhosphorusFósforo
16SSulfurAzufre
17ClChlorineCloro
18ArArgonArgón
19KPotassiumPotasio
20CaCalciumCalcio
21ScScandiumEscandio
22TiTitaniumTitanio
23VVanadiumVanadio
24CrChromiumCromo
25MnManganeseManganeso
26FeIronHierro
27CoCobaltCobalto
28NiNickelNíquel
29CuCopperCobre
30ZnZincZinc
31GaGalliumGalio
32GeGermaniumGermanio
33AsArsenicArsénico
34SeSeleniumSelenio
35BrBromineBromo
36KrKryptonKriptón
37RbRubidiumRubidio
38SrStrontiumEstroncio
39YYttriumItrio
40ZrZirconiumZirconio
41NbNiobiumNiobio
42MoMolybdenumMolibdeno
43TcTechnetiumTecnecio
44RuRutheniumRutenio
45RhRhodiumRodio
46PdPalladiumPaladio
47AgSilverPlata
48CdCadmiumCadmio
49InIndiumIndio
50SnTinEstaño
51SbAntimonyAntimonio
52TeTelluriumTelurio
53IIodineYodo
54XeXenonXenón
55CsCesiumCesio
56BaBariumBario
57LaLanthanumLantano
58CeCerCerio
59PrPraseodymiumPraseodimio
60NdNeodymiumNeodimio
61PmPromethiumPrometio
62SmSamariumSamario
63EuEuropiumEuropio
64GdGadoliniumGadolinio
65TbTerbiumTerbio
66DyDysprosiumDisprosio
67HoHolmiumHolmio
68ErErbiumErbio
69TmThuliumTulio
70YbYtterbiumIterbio
71LuLutetiumLutecio
72HfHafniumHafnio
73TaTantalumTantalio
74WTungstenWolframio
75ReRheniumRenio
76OsOsmiumOsmio
77IrIridiumIridio
78PtPlatinumPlatino
79AuGoldOro
80HgMercuryMercurio
81TlThalliumTalio
82PbLeadPlomo
83BiBismuthBismuto
84PoPoloniumPolonio
85AtAstatineAstato
86RnRadonRadón
87FrFranciumFrancio
88RaRadiumRadio
89AcActiniumActinio
90ThThoriumTorio
91PaProtactiniumProtactinio
92UUraniumUranio
93NpNeptuniumNeptunio
94PuPlutoniumPlutonio
95AmAmericiumAmericio
96CmCuriumCurio
97BkBerkeliumBerkelio
98CfCaliforniumCalifornio
99EsEinsteiniumEinstenio
100FmFermiumFermio
101MdMendeleviumMendelevio
102NoNobeliumNobelio
103LrLawrenciumLaurencio
104RfRutherfordiumRutherfordio
105DbDubniumDubnio
106SgSeaborgiumSeaborgio
107BhBohriumBohrio
108HsHassiumHassio
109MtMeitneriumMeitnerio
110DsDarmstadtiumDarmstadtio
111RgRoentgeniumRoentgenio
112CnCoperniciumCopernicio
113UutUnuntriumUnuntrio
114FlFleroviumFlerovio
115UupUnunpentiumUnunpentio
116LvLivermoriumLivermorio
117UusUnunseptiumUnunseptio
118UuoUnunoctiumUnunoctio

Element List in German

Farbperiodensystemsder ElementeHave you ever wondered if the names of elements are the same in other languages? Different languages have different words for the same thing, why should the elements be any different?

This table is a list of the elements in English and German arranged by atomic number.

If you’d like to see a periodic table in German, check out this Periodic Table, or Periodensystems der Elemente in German.

 NUMBER SYMBOLENGLISHGERMAN
1HHydrogenWasserstoff
2HeHeliumHelium
3LiLithiumLithium
4BeBerylliumBeryllium
5BBoronBor
6CCarbonKohlenstoff
7NNitrogenStickstoff
8OOxygenSauerstoff
9FFluorineFluor
10NeNeonNeon
11NaSodiumNatrium
12MgMagnesiumMagnesium
13AlAluminumAluminium
14SiSiliconSilicium
15PPhosphorusPhosphor
16SSulfurSchwefel
17ClChlorineChlor
18ArArgonArgon
19KPotassiumKalium
20CaCalciumCalcium
21ScScandiumScandium
22TiTitaniumTitan
23VVanadiumVanadium
24CrChromiumChrom
25MnManganeseMangan
26FeIronEisen
27CoCobaltCobalt
28NiNickelNickel
29CuCopperKupfer
30ZnZincZink
31GaGalliumGallium
32GeGermaniumGermanium
33AsArsenicArsen
34SeSeleniumSelen
35BrBromineBrom
36KrKryptonKrypton
37RbRubidiumRubidium
38SrStrontiumStrontium
39YYttriumYttrium
40ZrZirconiumZirconium
41NbNiobiumNiob
42MoMolybdenumMolibdän
43TcTechnetiumTechnetium
44RuRutheniumRuthenium
45RhRhodiumRhodium
46PdPalladiumPalladium
47AgSilverSilber
48CdCadmiumCadmium
49InIndiumIndium
50SnTinZinn
51SbAntimonyAntimon
52TeTelluriumTellur
53IIodineIod
54XeXenonXenon
55CsCesiumCäsium
56BaBariumBarium
57LaLanthanumLanthan
58CeCerCerium
59PrPraseodymiumPraseodym
60NdNeodymiumNeodym
61PmPromethiumPromethium
62SmSamariumSamarium
63EuEuropiumEuropium
64GdGadoliniumGadolinium
65TbTerbiumTerbium
66DyDysprosiumDysprosium
67HoHolmiumHolmium
68ErErbiumErbium
69TmThuliumThulium
70YbYtterbiumYtterbium
71LuLutetiumLutetium
72HfHafniumHafnium
73TaTantalumTantal
74WTungstenWolfram
75ReRheniumRhenium
76OsOsmiumOsmium
77IrIridiumIridium
78PtPlatinumPlatin
79AuGoldOro
80HgMercuryQuecksilber
81TlThalliumThallium
82PbLeadBlei
83BiBismuthBismut
84PoPoloniumPolonium
85AtAstatineAstat
86RnRadonRadon
87FrFranciumFrancium
88RaRadiumRadium
89AcActiniumActinium
90ThThoriumThorium
91PaProtactiniumProtactinium
92UUraniumUran
93NpNeptuniumNeptunium
94PuPlutoniumPlutonium
95AmAmericiumAmericium
96CmCuriumCurium
97BkBerkeliumBerkelium
98CfCaliforniumCalifornium
99EsEinsteiniumEinsteinium
100FmFermiumFermium
101MdMendeleviumMendelevium
102NoNobeliumNobelium
103LrLawrenciumLawrencium
104RfRutherfordiumRutherfordium
105DbDubniumDubnium
106SgSeaborgiumSeaborgium
107BhBohriumBohrium
108HsHassiumHassium
109MtMeitneriumMeitnerium
110DsDarmstadtiumDarmstadtium
111RgRoentgeniumRoentgenium
112CnCoperniciumCopernicium
113UutUnuntriumUnuntrium
114FlFleroviumFlerovium
115UupUnunpentiumUnunpentium
116LvLivermoriumLivermorium
117UusUnunseptiumUnunseptium
118UuoUnunoctiumUnunoctium

List of Metals

Metal Elements

The highlighted elements are considered the metal elements.

Most elements can be considered metals. They are grouped together in the middle to the left hand side of the periodic table. The metals consist of the alkali metals, alkaline earths, transition metals, lanthanides and actinides.

Properties of Metals

The metals share several common properties, including:

  • solid at room temperature (with the exception of mercury)
  • usually shiny
  • high melting point
  • good conductor of heat
  • good conductor of electricity
  • low ionization energies
  • low electronegativities
  • malleable – able to be pounded into sheets
  • ductile – can be pulled into wire
  • high density (exceptions: lithium, potassium and sodium)
  • corrodes in air or seawater
  • loses electrons in reactions

List of Metals

This is a list of metals in order of increasing atomic number.

 NUMBER SYMBOLELEMENT
3LiLithium
4BeBeryllium
11NaSodium
12MgMagnesium
13AlAluminum
19KPotassium
20CaCalcium
21ScScandium
22TiTitanium
23VVanadium
24CrChromium
25MnManganese
26FeIron
27CoCobalt
28NiNickel
29CuCopper
30ZnZinc
31GaGallium
37RbRubidium
38SrStrontium
39YYttrium
40ZrZirconium
41NbNiobium
42MoMolybdenum
43TcTechnetium
44RuRuthenium
45RhRhodium
46PdPalladium
47AgSilver
48CdCadmium
49InIndium
50SnTin
55CsCesium
56BaBarium
57LaLanthanum
58CeCerium
59PrPraseodymium
60NdNeodymium
61PmPromethium
62SmSamarium
63EuEuropium
64GdGadolinium
65TbTerbium
66DyDysprosium
67HoHolmium
68ErErbium
69TmThulium
70YbYtterbium
71LuLutetium
72HfHafnium
73TaTantalum
74WTungsten
75ReRhenium
76OsOsmium
77IrIridium
78PtPlatinum
79AuGold
80HgMercury
81TlThallium
82PbLead
83BiBismuth
84PoPolonium
87FrFrancium
88RaRadium
89AcActinium
90ThThorium
91PaProtactinium
92UUranium
93NpNeptunium
94PuPlutonium
95AmAmericium
96CmCurium
97BkBerkelium
98CfCalifornium
99EsEinsteinium
100FmFermium
101MdMendelevium
102NoNobelium
103LrLawrencium
104RfRutherfordium
105DbDubnium
106SgSeaborgium
107BhBohrium
108HsHassium
109MtMeitnerium
110DsDarmstadtium
111RgRoentgenium
112CnCopernicium
113UutUnuntrium
114FlFlerovium
115UupUnunpentium
116LvLivermorium



List of Nonmetals

Nonmetal Elements

The highlighted elements are the nonmetal elements.

The nonmetal elements occupy the upper righthand corner of the periodic table. These elements have similar chemical properties that differ from the elements considered metals.

The nonmetal element group is a subset of these elements. The nonmetal element group consists of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulfur and selenium.

Hydrogen acts as a nonmetal at normal temperatures and pressure and is generally accepted to be part of the nonmetal group.

Properties of nonmetals include:

  • dull, not shiny
  • poor conductor of heat
  • poor conductor of electricity
  • high ionization energies
  • high electronegativity
  • not malleable or ductile, usually brittle
  • lower density (when compared to metals)
  • lower melting point and boiling points (when compared to metals)
  • gains electrons in reactions

This is a list of the nonmetal elements in order of increasing atomic number.

 NUMBER SYMBOLELEMENT
1HHydrogen
2HeHelium
6CCarbon
7NNitrogen
8OOxygen
9FFluorine
10NeNeon
15PPhosphorus
16SSulfur
17ClChlorine
18ArArgon
34SeSelenium
35BrBromine
36KrKrypton
53IIodine
54XeXenon
85AtAstatine
86RnRadon
117UusUnunseptium
118UuoUnunoctium

List of Metalloids or Semimetals

The metalloids or semimetals are a group of elements that contain properties of both metals and nonmetals. The highlighted elements are the metalloids.

The metalloids or semimetals are a group of elements that contain properties of both metals and nonmetals. The highlighted elements are the metalloids.

Metalloids, also known as semimetals are elements containing properties similar and midway between metals and nonmetals. They are found to divide the periodic table between the metals on the left and the nonmetals on the right.

Metalloids often have the following properties:

  • could be dull or shiny
  • conducts heat and electricity, but not as well as metals
  • good semiconductors
  • usually malleable
  • usually ductile
  • can both gain and lose electrons in reactions

This is a list of the seven metalloid elements in order of increasing atomic number.

 NUMBER SYMBOLELEMENT
5BBoron
14SiSilicon
32GeGermanium
33AsArsenic
51SbAntimony
52TeTellurium
84PoPolonium